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INVESTIGATIONS


Neuro Lab tests: Series of tests are used to evaluate motor, sensory skills, hearing and speech, vision, coordination and balance of the patient. The tests may also include blood, urine and other body fluid sampling, genetic tests, and brain scans.

Radiological tests:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): 1.5 T MRI in Siddarth Neuro Clinic provide images of brain or spinal cord which helps to measure blood flow, reveal mineral deposits, and more. It finds importance in diagnosis of stroke, traumatic brain, infection, vascular abnormalities, aneurysm, inflammation, brain damage, multiple sclerosis and neurodegenerative disorders.
  • Computed tomography (CT): We use 32 slice CT to analyse 2-dimensional images of organs, bones and tissues. CT scans are extremely helpful in diagnosis of brain tumors and cysts, hydrocephalus, brain damage from head injury, epilepsy and encephalitis. Also in the diagnosis of spinal problems such as herniated discs, spine fractures or spinal stenosis.
  • Sleep study test: Also called as polysomnography, it is a comprehensive test to evaluate a wide range of sleep disorders. The brain activity, blood oxygen level, heart rate and breathing, eye and leg movements are monitored during the study. It finds great utility in patients with narcolepsy (sleep attacks), sleep-related seizure disorder, restless legs syndrome, REM sleep behaviour disorder, and chronic insomnia.
  • ElectroMyoGraphy (EMG): It is one of the commonly used electro diagnostic technique at Siddarth Neuro Clinic. Electromyograph is a device used to measure electrical activity in skeletal muscles in response to nerve stimulation. The results are helpful in detecting any neuromuscular abnormalities and denervation.
  • ElectroEncephaloGraphy (EEG): Electroencephalography is useful in detecting abnormal brain activity and electrophysiology in illnesses such as epilepsy, stroke, sleep disorders, coma, encephalopathies, and brain death. It offers high temporal resolution which is otherwise not possible with CT, PET, and MRI. It is an important epilepsy monitoring technique.
  • Video EEG: Video EEG is used to monitor the seizure or event and find possible links to electrical activity in the brain. In simple terms, the test helps us to understand if it is epilepsy seizure or not. It is also called as EEG monitoring or video EEG monitoring. During the test, other events such as sounds and movements made by the patient may also be recorded.
  • Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response (BAER test): The BAER test is performed to measure abnormal brain activity and evaluate response to sound. The results help in diagnosing hearing loss especially in newborns and children. During surgery, this test is performed to reduce the risk of injury to hearing nerve and brain. The test is also useful in patients with brain injury, brain malformation, brain tumor, speech disorders, central pontine myelinolysis (loss of myelin layer in cells of pons, a region in brain stem).
  • Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) test: The test finds utility in evaluating the response to optical signal. Any damage to the optical pathway from eyes to brain (occipital lobe) can cause visual symptoms. In simple terms, it is an advanced vision test to see if your entire vision system is functional.